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10th ZilHijj – (3rd day  of Hajj)

10th ZilHijj is a very busy day among the Hajj rites. Each pilgrim has to perform several obligatory, essential and optional duties.

First Duty
Standing (Waqoof) in Muzdalfa

In Muzdalfa, just after the morning prayer, stand for a few minutes facing in the direction of Ka`aba. The time available is very short as it ends a few minutes before sunrise. Invoke the bounty of God, pray and seek forgiveness for yourself.

Second Duty
Lapidation(stoning) of Jamrat -l-Aqabah (The greater Satan)

As the pilgrims travel back to Mina, their first duty is the stoning (Lapidation) of Jamarah-al-Aqabah (the greater Satan). The act is called “Rami” in which the pilgrim has to hurl seven pebbles one by one, striking the pillar; uttering الله اكبر “God is great. There is no other God but God”. Stop the recitation of Talbiyah before lapidation and abstain from saying any other prayer or word in accordance with the tradition or making any other invocation.
On 10th ZilHijj, the time of Rami begins after sunrise and ends a little before the sunrise of next morning i.e. 11th ZilHijj. Should a pilgrim fails, for any reason to perform all or a part of Rami (the stoning of Satan) he must atone for it by sacrificing an animal or fasting.
The Rami of Jamarat on 10th, 11th and 12th day of ZilHijj are compulsory. Yet those who stay in Mina on 13th ZilHijj, they shall have to stone the Jamarat on this day too.                                                              

Third Duty
Immolation (sacrifice) of the animal

“It is not the meat (of the sacrificial animal) that reaches God neither their blood; it is your piety that reaches Him”. (Al-Quran; 22:37)
Having finished the Rami (Stoning) of greater Satan, every pilgrim is duty bound to sacrifice a head of livestock. It can be goat, sheep or even a camel in participation. This sacrifice is to perpetrate the memory of great sacrifice of Abraham (PBUH), the great forefather of Muslims. Hundreds of thousands of Muslims from the four corners of the world who gather in Mina on this 10th day of ZilHijj celebrate the “Feast of Sacrifice” also known as “Eid-ul-Adha”. Animal sacrifice is not obligatory or desirable for those who are performing Hajj of Ifrad class. Yet he can do so if he wishes.
The next rite after the sacrifice of the animal is the head shaving for men also call “Halaq”.
One important thing to be noted here is that the sequence of rites is to be maintained at any cost. It can not and should not be altered. The sequence is

  • Rami of greater Satan
  • Sacrifice of the animal
  • Shaving of head by men and symbolic cut of hairs by women.
  • Those performing Hajj under the vow of Qiran or Tamattu, animal sacrifice is obligatory. This sacrifice besides being in memory of the sacrifice of Hazrat Ibrahim and a tradition of Prophet of Islam (PBUH), is also a thanksgiving.
  • The rules for this sacrifice on 10th ZilHijj are the same as for other sacrifices.
  • Seven persons can share in sacrifice of a camel, cow or oxen. But each one should have the same intention of sacrifice. If any one bears some other intention the sacrifice of all others shall become void.
  • Animal sacrifice can be done on 11th and 12th ZilHijj too, besides 10th ZilHijj but maintaining the sequence of rites is compulsory.
  • Animal sacrifice is to be performed within the boundaries of Haram.
  • In addition to the obligatory animal sacrifice by every pilgrim, the animal sacrifice is equally obligatory on those who pay Zakat or have the means. There is, however, no restriction of place of this second type of sacrifice. It can be carried out in Mina or at the hometown.
  • If a pilgrim is not capable of animal sacrifice of Hajj, he should observe fast on 7th, 8th and 9th ZilHijj and seven fasts after the days of Tashreeq. The seven later fasts can be anywhere i.e. in Mak`kah, Madina or back at home but in continuation.
  • If after having fasts for three days, a pilgrim becomes capable of immolation before head shaving, he will have to offer animal sacrifice. His fasts shall become void.
  • The three fasts of 7th, 8th and 9th ZilHijj are to be in continuation. If one or two fasts are missed, the pilgrim shall have to sacrifice the animal and his two or one fast shall be deemed to be lost. It may be noted that if one skips this thanksgiving immolation (sacrifice) his Hajj shall remain incomplete. He shall be under religious sanction till such time he does not offer the animal sacrifice and that too in Mak`kah.
  • If one is not in a position of animal sacrifice of thanksgiving, he can shave his head to attain legitimacy but two immolation (Dum) shall become due on him. One of Hajj and second of shaving of head before animal sacrifice.
  • A similar condition shall be applicable on those performing who are performing Hajj in Qiran mode. One immolation of not sacrificing animal after Rami and of shaving head and other immolation, as normal in case of Hajj Qiran.

    • If one attains the position of thanksgiving sacrifice after keeping the three fasts or in between, he shall be bound to offer thanksgiving sacrifice without which he will not attain the religious legitimacy (Halal)
    • For observing the three fasts as atonement (Kaffara) it is necessary to say the word Tamattu or Qiran while declaring the intention of fast.

    Fourth Obligatory Duty (Shaving of Head)

    After performing the immolation (animal sacrifice) men pilgrims should get their heads shaved. They can even get their hairs trimmed or cut to an extent of one fourth. This cutting of one fourth of hairs is known as “Qasr”. It is however, preferable to completely shave the head known more so as “Halaq”.
    Women pilgrims also should cut their hairs to an extent of 2 inches or equal to a length that can wrap their middle finger.
    After the Halaq or Qasr the pilgrims can come out of Ehram to wear their normal dress.

    More About Halaq or Qasr

    After performing these acts on 10th ZilHijj ie Rami, Immolation and shaving of head, the pilgrim can take bath, come out of Ehram and its restriction, can wear his usual dress. All restrictions have now been removed. However, emotional or sexual relations are still prohibited till one perform the Tawaf-e-Ifadah (Tawaf-e-Ziarat)
    In case a pilgrim performs Tawaf-e-Ifadah while in Ehram before shaving of head, the restrictions of Ehram shall continue till he shaves his head.

    Time Limit of Halaq

    The time to shave off the head (Halaq or Qasr) starts after stoning the greater Satan (Rami of Jamarat-ul-Aqba), followed by immolation, and lasts till the sunset of 12th ZilHijj.
    The Holy Quran says: -
    “That they may witness things that are of benefit to them, and mention the name of Allah on appointed days over the best of the cattle that He hath bestowed upon them. Then eat thereof and feed there with the poor unfortunate. Then let them make an end of their unkemptness and pay their vows and go and go around the ancient House”. (Al-Hajj: 28,29)


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